Please elaborate on what you mean by bystander in this context?
This is what I had collated on bystander behaviour. Also attached is a questionnaire exploring bystander viewpoint emerge-covid-and-gender-questions-partner-violence-sexual-exploitat...
The concept of a bystander refers to participants’ roles in the bullying, where they are neither victim nor perpetrator (such as those who reinforce or support the bully, those who defend the victim and those who remain on the sidelines as onlookers) (Salmivalli, Lagerspetz, Bjorkqvist, Österman, & Kaukiainen, 1996). Given the overlap between bullying and cyberbullying (Del Rey, Elipe, & Ortega, 2012; Quirk & Campbell, 2015), which results from the fact that the online and offline environments in which young people interact are a sort of continuum, the term ‘hybrid bystander’ has been coined (Price et al., 2014). Bystander intervention focuses on mobilising peers to defend the victim; typically, these peers would be the victim’s fellow students or friends, but could also be other adults in their social circles.
Bystander effect. The bystander effect proposed by Latané and Darley (1968) suggests that the greater the number of passive individuals who witness an emergency situation, the less likely it is that any one of them will help the victim. This can be partly be explained by the mechanisms of diffusion of responsibility. In addition to being a social-psychological phenomenon, the bystander effect is also one of the most widely used theoretical frameworks in the study of bystander behaviour, along with social cognitive theory (Allison & Bussey, 2016).
Types of bystanders
Theories and characteristics of Bystander behaviour ( see the article attached)
Mary Brewster & Jane M. Tucker (2015): Understanding Bystander Behavior: The Influence of and Interaction Between Bystander Characteristics and Situational Factors, Victims & Offenders, DOI: 10.1080/15564886.2015.1009593
Bystander led care post motor accidents- https://www.thebetterindia.com/10705/save-life/
Interviewing: Principles & Practices