Theory of Change Workshop Online - pre-COVID-19

Inspired by Barbara Klugman's extremely helpful blog on her virtual theory of change workshop, I would like to contribute a few lines on my recent experience with visualising across different remote sites.

Our workshop was not about building a theory of change from scratch, but about enriching and validating the theory of change my evaluation team had reconstructed. The workshop was not totally "virtual" either: We held it in a meeting room of the organisation that had commissioned the evaluation; some ten staff members were physically present in the room, as well as two members of our evaluation team who facilitated the workshop. The meeting room had a large screen and a camera & a microphone that captured the entire room. Some five individual participants and one small group called in from different locations in Africa, Asia and Europe.

To avoid technical complications associated with real-time collaboration on a shared screen, we had shared a visualisation of our draft theory of change beforehand (via e-mail). For the conference, we used a rather large (some five metres wide) visualisation made of large sticky notes in different colours. Although those who participated remotely could not read everything on the cards, they could use their e-mail copies to check. During the workshop, the facilitators added and moved around notes following the participants' verbal instructions. I felt a bit like the weather reporter on TV when watching myself on the screen to make sure I pointed to the right places in our visualisation. 

As facilitators, we made sure we never turned our back to the camera and that the remote participants' contributions received full and timely attention. At times, we had to interrupt discussions in the "real-life" meeting room so that the remote participants got their turn to speak. We tried to maintain a lively and cheerful atmosphere so as to capture everybody's attention - and to keep up the pace so that we could complete the session well within three hours. 

Combining real life visualisation and digital interaction has the advantage of allowing participants to see each other while the facilitators work on the visualisation. If you need an electronic version of the visualisation after the workshop, someone needs to turn the poster into a digital version, which - ideally - all participants in the workshop should get a chance to see and comment on before it is finalised.   

This may sound a bit "old school" but it works well when you work with a group bringing together people with diverging experience using digital media.


Views: 42

Add a Comment

You need to be a member of Gender and Evaluation to add comments!

Join Gender and Evaluation

Comment by Barbara Klugman 1 hour ago

Hi Michaela, thanks for this. I'm busy looking for affordable and effective online workshop platforms and one I bumped into is : which is literally only post-its that you can move around on a cork board, change their colours etc., so it's possible that you could do what you described above, but all online using that board, ASSUMING that everyone has strong enough bandwith that they can have video on ...anyway, i've not yet used it so am just sharing it as a thought....   Yours,


Comment by Michaela Raab on March 27, 2020 at 10:14

Hello Rituu, 

Thank you for the excellent questions! The workshop as such took about two hours and a half. This worked because the participants in the room were fully aware of sharing the virtual space with those outside of the room, and kept their interventions brief. We also had the impression that all - or most - participants had studied the draft ToC before the workshop.

One aspect I did not mention in my post was the technical one. The organisation that hosted the meeting had appointed a staff member to set up the call. We (the external facilitators) assumed we did not need to brief him on technicalities. He turned out to be unfamiliar with conference calling, and someone's contact details were missing. We ended up starting 10 minutes late. Learning point: Next time we will gently remind the hosts of testing the platform beforehand, making sure everybody's contact details are clear, and setting up the audio/video conference a few minutes before its official start time.    

Comment by Rituu B Nanda on March 26, 2020 at 21:35

I enjoyed reading it. How much time did it take? What will you do differently next time?

Many thanks for taking out time to share your experience. Very valuable and a gift to the community. We are fortunate.

© 2020   Created by Rituu B Nanda.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service