Ranjani K.Murthy's Blog (54)

Addressing Intersectionality in Evaluations: From Buzz Word to Institutionalisation


This presentation of Ranjani K Murthy with Children Believe India in Evaluation Conclave 2022 argues that intersectionality needs to move beyond being a buzz word in evaluations; and be…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on October 18, 2022 at 11:00 — 1 Comment

Disjointed lines: Implementation history and development evaluations

Development evaluations take place in a historical context. Many interventions have in the past been initiated by government and other development organisations in a village (or urban low income settlement) when evaluations of a NGO project is commissioned in the "now". A key question is how to delineate impact of past interventions by other organisations on present…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on September 6, 2022 at 15:44 — 1 Comment

Intersectional lens to development indices

Since the 1990s, development is measured not just by economic growth, but also human development index, gender development index, gender empowerment measure, gender inequality index, global gender gap index and so on. However discrimination in its various forms continues, and apart from economic and gender discrimination few measure of other forms of…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 9, 2022 at 12:54 — 1 Comment

Deepening SDG 5 monitoring from an intersectional lens

Ranjani K Murthy

Examining the SDG 5 tracker (https://sdg-tracker.org/gender-equality#targets) after a field visit and interviews with women/girls and men/boys from economically and socially discriminated groups in the states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India, I felt the urgent need for strengthening monitoring mechanisms for tracking SDG 5 from a gender and intersectionality lens- without which it…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on May 28, 2022 at 8:55 — 3 Comments

Context analysis of evaluation reports from a gender, intersectionality and rights lens

In an earlier blog (https://gendereval.ning.com/profiles/blogs/from-gender-and-development-to-gender-intersectionality-rights), I argued the need to shift from gender and development (GAD) to gender, intersectionality, rights and development (GIRD) approach if SDG5 are to be achieved by 2030, and if the Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on April 5, 2022 at 15:00 — 4 Comments

From Gender and Development to Gender, intersectionality, rights and development- From GAD to GIRD



The prelude: Gender and development approach

Gender and Development emerged as an approach to examine and address women’s development in the late 1980s.  In her seminal article Gender Planning in the Third World, Caroline Moser[1] argued that the Gender and Development approach (GAD) approach conceptualised that women were not the problem, but the socially constructed…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on February 4, 2022 at 13:02 — 2 Comments

Gender transformative evaluations: Negotiating power, intersectionalities, contexts, and accountability


Gender transformative evaluations: Negotiating power, intersectionalities, contexts, and accountability

Ranjani K Murthy, Anweshaa Ghosh and Ayesha Dutta, 2021



Development evaluations take place within social hierarchies and can both reflect and challenge these hierarchies. In this discussion paper the authors reflect on their experiences in facilitating gender transformative…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on September 30, 2021 at 12:00 — No Comments


Ranjani K Murthy, Vasantha R., Assumpta P., Gilbert Rodrigo and monitoring team, 2021

The grassroots NGO Gandhian Unit for Integrated Development Education (GUIDE)- a women’s rights organisation with vision of empowering women- received support from Women Fund Asia for facilitating a study on monitoring progress on Beijing+25 in two southern states Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. The monitoring process was both desk/statistics based and based on marginalised women’s monitoring of progress…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 19, 2021 at 14:02 — 1 Comment

Monitoring, Evaluating and Furtheirng Progress on Gender and Economic Equality and Women's Economic Empowerment

This paper, authored by me and supported by the Institute of Social Studies Trust, New Delhi…

Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 9, 2021 at 10:30 — No Comments

Gender, diversity and evaluations during COVID-19: Lessons from India

During COVID-19 I was involved in three evaluations, one in South India (face to face) and one additionally covering parts of north- west India (online).   The evaluations were of projects/programs on livelihood development and women's economic empowerment. These were carried out in the first phase of COVID-19 which was not so severe. 

The lessons on challenges posed by gender and diversity in face to face interactions during evaluations during COVID-19 were the…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 5, 2021 at 13:57 — No Comments

Empowerment, identities and processes: Arunthathiyar SHG member as Anganwadi worker

  • Ranjani K Murthy with Arogya Agam

Photo credit: Arogya Agam

This case study from an evaluation with highlights the complexity of women's empowerment. Researchers distinguish between individual (power to), interpersonal, collective agency (power with) and attitudinal change (power within) towards structural…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 25, 2020 at 13:00 — 1 Comment

Gender, Caste and SHGs in the context of neoliberal micro finance

1.0 Context:   Dalit women are discriminated against by intersections of caste, class and gender. Amongst Dalit women in Tamil Nadu, Arunthathiyars (AR) are the most exploited and steeped in poverty. Arunthathiyar women and men have no agriculture land, own limited livestock, are typically underemployed, and…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 1, 2020 at 13:00 — 2 Comments

Evaluating pre-COVID 19 programmes in post COVID times: Why development paradigms matter

Recently I was asked whether I would evaluation a programme in multiple states of India which was framed in pre COVID 19 times.  The criteria suggested was the DAC criteria - relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and others (includes gender equality, sustainability, innovation).

To me it seemed important to add another criterion- resilience.  How far had the programme strengthened resilience to such medical disasters and its consequences for migrants and informal sector?  To me…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on May 25, 2020 at 16:57 — 1 Comment

Can the world progress on Gender Equality when India and China do not progress at the pace required?



The SDG tracker of the UN (https://sdg-tracker.org/gender-equality) provides data (to the extent available), on where different countries are placed on different SDG indicators. This article unravels the progress of China and India -…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on September 20, 2019 at 12:28 — 2 Comments

Are surrogate cum participatory evaluations gender-socially transformative?

I do evaluations which I often call participatory. I have a consultation with the primary stakeholders on what should be evaluated, involve them in the process of evaluation, and analyse and validate findings with them. While it is participatory, the control rests with me, and I act as a proxy or surrogate for the marginalised women/girls, men/boys and transwomen/transmen.

However, being a "surrogate", do I really capture the voices of marginalised, which may be contradictory given…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on April 22, 2019 at 17:14 — 1 Comment

What is different about evaluating work with men and boys on challenging dominant masculinities? -with CHSJ and other organisations

Photo credit: Center for Health and Social Justice

This article explores lessons from evaluations that I have done on work with men and boys to challenge dominant masculinities in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan.  It also asks what lessons are different from evaluating work with women and girls on…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on March 23, 2019 at 8:00 — 8 Comments

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