Ranjani K.Murthy's Blog (42)

Empowerment, identities and processes: Arunthathiyar SHG member as Anganwadi worker

  • Ranjani K Murthy with Arogya Agam

Photo credit: Arogya Agam

This case study from an evaluation with highlights the complexity of women's empowerment. Researchers distinguish between individual (power to), interpersonal, collective agency (power with) and attitudinal change (power within) towards structural…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 25, 2020 at 10:30 — 1 Comment

Gender, Caste and SHGs in the context of neoliberal micro finance

1.0 Context:   Dalit women are discriminated against by intersections of caste, class and gender. Amongst Dalit women in Tamil Nadu, Arunthathiyars (AR) are the most exploited and steeped in poverty. Arunthathiyar women and men have no agriculture land, own limited livestock, are typically underemployed, and…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 1, 2020 at 10:30 — 2 Comments

Evaluating pre-COVID 19 programmes in post COVID times: Why development paradigms matter

Recently I was asked whether I would evaluation a programme in multiple states of India which was framed in pre COVID 19 times.  The criteria suggested was the DAC criteria - relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and others (includes gender equality, sustainability, innovation).

To me it seemed important to add another criterion- resilience.  How far had the programme strengthened resilience to such medical disasters and its consequences for migrants and informal sector?  To me…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on May 25, 2020 at 14:27 — No Comments

Can the world progress on Gender Equality when India and China do not progress at the pace required?



The SDG tracker of the UN (https://sdg-tracker.org/gender-equality) provides data (to the extent available), on where different countries are placed on different SDG indicators. This article unravels the progress of China and India -…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on September 20, 2019 at 9:58 — 2 Comments

Are surrogate cum participatory evaluations gender-socially transformative?

I do evaluations which I often call participatory. I have a consultation with the primary stakeholders on what should be evaluated, involve them in the process of evaluation, and analyse and validate findings with them. While it is participatory, the control rests with me, and I act as a proxy or surrogate for the marginalised women/girls, men/boys and transwomen/transmen.

However, being a "surrogate", do I really capture the voices of marginalised, which may be contradictory given…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on April 22, 2019 at 14:44 — 1 Comment

What is different about evaluating work with men and boys on challenging dominant masculinities? -with CHSJ and other organisations

Photo credit: Center for Health and Social Justice

This article explores lessons from evaluations that I have done on work with men and boys to challenge dominant masculinities in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan.  It also asks what lessons are different from evaluating work with women and girls on…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on March 23, 2019 at 5:30 — 8 Comments

SDG Target 5a: Challenges to achieving gender equality on access, ownership, and control over land!

There are two indicators to measure progress towards SDG 5 target 5a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to, ownership and control over land… “, namely:

  • Indicator 5.a.1:(a) Proportion of total agricultural population with ownership or secure rights over agricultural land, by sex; and (b) share of women among owners or rights bearers of…

Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on October 6, 2018 at 10:57 — 3 Comments

Making the transition from evaluations to knowledge on gender-transformation

In-spite of several decades of development, the progress has been limited in reducing gender based violence, gender gap in economy, and gender gap in political participation globally. Yet a lot of development programmes and projects focus on these issues, and several evaluations have been carried on 'gender integrated' and 'gender specific projects". 

A key question is "Are evaluations creating to knowledge building on what works and what does not work with regard to reducing gender…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on September 24, 2018 at 13:30 — 2 Comments

Gender, Evaluation, Ratings and Raters

Sometimes, while evaluation progress towards gender equality and women's empowerment (GEWE), I am asked to give a rating on a scale of 1 to 5 or 1 to 6 on criteria used by the commissioning organisation.  Normally, sub-criterias are listed for women's access to and ownership of resources, reduction in violence against women, increase in decision making of women etc. Sounds simple?

On the surface yes, but there are three challenges

Challenge of Interpretation:…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on July 25, 2018 at 11:43 — No Comments

Positioning men in gender-transformative evaluations

Of late there has been considerable discussions about gender transformative evaluations, as distinct from gender ameliorative, gender instrumental or gender-blind ones.  The gender transformative evaluations seek to assess changes in gendered (and other) power relations and norms & resources in different institutions and contribution of policies, programmes, or projects to these changes, apart from adopting a transformative evaluation methodology.  The gender ameliorative ones assess…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on February 22, 2018 at 11:30 — 5 Comments

Gender and indicators

Gender and Indicators - Eldis
www.eldis.org › Home › Topics › Resource Guides › Gender › Key Issues
... contribute to the process of determining how best to move forward. This key issues guide was written by Angela de Prairie with advice from Ranjani K Murthy

Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on December 5, 2016 at 10:46 — No Comments

Making a Difference: Empowering girls through sports, life skills and gender awareness

This report presents findings from a Qualitative Evaluation of a sports-based adolescent girls and young women's empowerment programme in Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai called the Goal Programme. The evaluation was commissioned by the Naz Foundation and Dasra. It argues that the Programme has strengthened self-esteem, leadership and life skills of adolescent girls and young women, and made a dent on ability to handle gender based violence, menstrual health, and financial literacy. Gender…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on October 11, 2016 at 7:30 — 2 Comments

Are gender-transformative evaluations in conflict situations different from similar evaluations in other settings?

Gender-transformative evaluations seek to assess impact of policies, programmes and projects on transforming gender and other social relations. They adopt transformative evaluation methodologies and methods, are done people with gender expertise, and findings are fed back to marginalized women and men.

Are gender-transformative evaluations in conflict situations different from similar evaluations in non-conflict settings? Does the evaluator have to keep specific aspects in…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on August 18, 2016 at 7:57 — 10 Comments

Assessing progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 5 at national and community levels


Guest lecture by Ranjani K Murthy organized by Community of Evaluators, Nepal, 20th June, 2016

This session seeks to demonstrate how progress towards SDG 5 could be…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on July 5, 2016 at 10:46 — 4 Comments

Beauty Parlours: Gender blind, gender ameliorative or gender-transformative?

Coming from India, when asked to evaluate livelihood activities I used to wonder why development agencies introduced beauty parlours.  After all, do not they not promote stereotypes that women should be 'beautiful' in the eyes of men. I used to ask agencies why do not you promote non traditional activities for women like driving, two wheeler mechanic, masonry etc.

The women who run these parlours explained to me

"Madam I get good income, more than by working in a super…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on May 2, 2016 at 8:42 — 5 Comments

Rigid Gender Gaps and Missing SDG Targets and Indicators

The Global Gender Gap Report 2016 draws attention to the widening of gender gap in health and economic sphere. Two indicators are used in this report with respect to gender gap gap in health: gap in healthy life expectancy and sex ratio at birth (after adjusting for the fact that more males are born). Sex ratio at birth (female-over-male) amongst the countries studied has declined from 0.94 to 0.92 (1 being equality) between 2006 and 2015, while gender gap in healthy life expectancy has…


Added by Ranjani K.Murthy on March 14, 2016 at 13:13 — No Comments

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